Tobacco smoke is known to contain thousands of chemicals including nicotine, carbon monoxide, heavy metals, poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and others. Furthermore, smoking has been found strongly associated with numerous diseases, including lung cancer, chronic-obstructive pulmonary disease, exacerbation of asthma, low birth weight, and heart disease, since the first Surgeon General’s report on the topic in the late 1960’s. Much research has been conducted looking into these health effects and California has been fairly successful in reducing rates of active smoking. In terms of an environmental exposure, focus has shifted somewhat to passive smoking or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure, as more people are exposed to tobacco smoke in that form and usually involuntarily. ETS contains most of the same components as mainstream smoke, but less was known about its effects until more recently. Research has indicated it may be associated with some of the same adverse health endpoints as smoking in those exposed long-term or during development.
EHIB investigators have been involved in conducting several studies on the effects of ETS exposure (or active smoking) in relation to reproductive and developmental outcomes, as well as asthma, and breast cancer. In addition, EHIB staff have worked with other agencies, such as the California EPA and the Centers for Disease Control, to summarize the data on health effects of ETS for formulation of policy recommendations. EHIB houses an asthma surveillance and awareness program that also works to inform the public about the effects of ETS on asthma, with partners such as the American Lung Association.
Age at Menarche in Relation to Maternal Use of Tobacco, Alcohol, Coffee, and Tea during Pregnancy
To investigate the potential effects of common early life exposures on age at menarche, the authors examined data collected in a follow-up study of pregnancies that occurred during the 1960s in California....
Developmental and reproductive effects of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke
Prenatal Active or Passive Tobacco Smoke Exposure and the Risk of Preterm Delivery or Low Birth Weight
We examined the association of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke with birth weight and gestational age in a large, prospective study....
Cohort Study of Girls Nutrition, Environment and Tanner stage
-- This project is a renewal of the prior 7-year longitudinal study of factors that affect age at pubertal development in girls and is part of the Breast Cancer & the Environment Research Program (BCERP),....
Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposures in California Teachers Study Cohort
-- There is strong evidence that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) poses a hazard to human health....
California Tobacco Control Program
-- The mission of the California Tobacco Control Program (CTCP) is to improve the health of all Californians by reducing illness and premature death attributable to the use of tobacco products.
Tobacco Related Disease Research Program
-- The mission of TRDRP is to support research that focuses on the prevention, causes, and treatment of tobacco-related disease and the reduction of the human and economic costs of tobacco use in California.